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Calculer facilement sa taille de position sous MetaTrader 4
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TradingCalculer facilement sa taille de position sous MetaTrader 4

18 mai 20241041011 min

Il est vital avant de placer un ordre de calculer sa taille de position en fonction du solde de son compte. C’est une condition sur laquelle il est impossible de faire l’impasse pour pouvoir survivre sur les marchés. Je reste surpris du nombre de Traders qui, bien que connaissant parfaitement la règle, ne l’appliquent pas. Cela se finit d’ailleurs la plupart du temps très mal.

J’insiste énormément – tout comme Dorian Abadie – sur cet aspect fondamental du Trading auprès des membres de FWA.  Je rappelle en permanence la règle N°1 en Trading : la préservation du capital. Cela implique, du point de vue du Money Management, une application très stricte des règles d’exposition et donc du calcul de sa taille de position.

Un indicateur MT4 en libre accès permet de faire cela très rapidement et de façon sûre.  Les exemples donnés dans cet article sont orientés par rapport à la stratégie des Figures Harmoniques utilisées chez FWA. Bien entendu, le principe de calcul s’applique à n’importe quelle autre stratégie.

 

 

Installation du FWA Terminal sur MT4

Tout d’abord, téléchargez gratuitement les fichiers du FWA Terminal ici : https://fwarchitect.eu/fwa-terminal-download

Une fois téléchargé, décompressez le dossier du FWA Terminal en utilisant un logiciel gratuit comme Winrar puis suivez les indications du fichier d’installation au format PDF.

 

Utilisation du Ticket d’Ordre

Une fois votre analyse faite et vos niveaux d’Entrée et de Stop-loss déterminés, il vous suffira de cliquer sur le bouton « Ticket » puis de faire glisser les niveaux horizontaux sur votre graphique.

 

Exemple 1 : Ordre de vente USDJPY

Un signal de vente est apparu, je souhaite – c’est un exemple – placer un ordre de vente SELL LIMIT sur les 23.6% de Fibonacci, je fais donc glisser mon niveau d’entrée sur le prix de 107.325, mon niveau de SL sur ma zone de Stop-loss et mon niveau de TP sur ma zone de Take-profit.

Il me suffit ensuite d’utiliser les boutons « + », « + + », « – » et « – – » pour affiner mes différents niveaux et ajuster la taille de position – Lot – pour respecter mon Money Management.

Dans le cas présent, le Ticket d’Ordre indique que je risque 1% de ma balance – 83.63 EUR – pour une position de 0.21 Lot avec un niveau d’entrée – ENTRY-  sur 107.325, un niveau de Take-profit – TP – sur 106.068 et un niveau de Stop-loss – SL – sur 107.786.

Ma taille de position pour cet ordre de vente USDJY à raison de 1% d’un capital de 8.355€ sera donc de 0.21 lot pour un risque total en cas de perte de 83.62€. Je peux maintenant fermer mon Ticket d’Ordre.

 

 

Exemple 2 : Ordre d’achat DAX30

Un signal d’achat est apparu, je souhaite – c’est un exemple – placer un ordre de d’achat BUY  au prix du marché, je clique sur « @Market » pour placer mon niveau d’entrée au prix du marché « @Market », je fais glisser mon niveau de SL sur ma zone de Stop-loss et mon niveau de TP sur ma zone de Take-profit.

Il me suffit ensuite d’utiliser les boutons « + », « ++ », « – » et « — » pour affiner mes différents niveaux et ajuster la taille de position – Lot – pour respecter mon Money Management.

Dans le cas présent, le Ticket d’Ordre indique que je risque 1% de ma balance – 83.85 EUR – pour une position de 0.02 Lot avec un niveau d’entrée – ENTRY-  sur 10512.2, un niveau de Take-profit – TP – sur 10684.9 et un niveau de Stop-loss – SL – sur 10350.5.

Ma taille de position pour cet ordre d’achat DAX30 à raison de 1% d’un capital de 8.355€ sera donc de 0.02 lot pour un risque total en cas de perte de 83.85€. Je peux maintenant fermer mon Ticket d’Ordre.

 

  

Conclusion

Voilà donc une façon simple et efficace de calculer votre taille de position sur n’importe quel actif, en quelques secondes, avant de placer vos ordres. Vous n’avez plus aucune excuse pour ne pas le faire.

Je ne connais autour de moi que des Traders professionnels qui calculent leurs tailles de positions. Ce qui, inversement, signifie qu’il n’existe aucun Trader qui ne calcule pas sa taille de position. Ces derniers n’ont tout simplement pas survécu sur les marchés.

 

Téléchargement

Téléchargez gratuitement les fichiers du FWA Terminal ici : https://fwarchitect.eu/fwa-terminal-download

 

 

Frédéric Denis
Coresponsable Trading FWA

 

Disclaimer :
FWA informe les participants que les informations contenues dans cet article ne constituent pas, en aucune manière, une sollicitation ou incitation à acheter ou vendre des produits financiers. Toute utilisation par les participants des informations contenues dans cet article, et à cet égard toute décision que ces lecteurs viendraient à prendre relativement à une éventuelle opération d’achat ou de vente, sont sous la responsabilité exclusive des lecteurs, qui le reconnaissent et l’acceptent préalablement à leur lecture.

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